Non-market Entrepreneurship

Non-market Entrepreneurship

Interdisciplinary Approaches

Edited by Gordon E. Shockley, Peter M. Frank and Roger R. Stough

As defined by the editors of this book, ‘non-market entrepreneurship’ consists of all forms of entrepreneurship not being undertaken solely for purposes of profit maximization or commercialization, and encompasses entrepreneurial activities such as social enterprise and entrepreneurship, public sector entrepreneurship, policy entrepreneurship, non-profit entrepreneurship, and philanthropic enterprise, among many others. The eminent cast of contributors gives coherence to the academic and public discussions on the topic, builds a theoretical edifice within the field of entrepreneurship and helps to establish and delineate the contours of the research field of non-market entrepreneurship.

Chapter 9: A Unified Theory of Social Enterprise

Dennis R. Young

Subjects: business and management, entrepreneurship, public management, social entrepreneurship, development studies, social entrepreneurship, politics and public policy, public administration and management, public policy, social entrepreneurship

Extract

9. A unified theory of social enterprise Dennis R. Young INTRODUCTION The term ‘social enterprise’ is interpreted in a variety of ways by scholars, policymakers, leaders in the business, nonprofit and public sectors, and by interested parties in different parts of the world (Nyssens and Kerlin, 2006). In Europe, for example, social enterprise tends to connote the engagement of various non-governmental forms of enterprise, including nonprofit organizations and cooperatives, in public service activity to address the employment issues and other needs of marginalized groups (Kerlin, 2006). In the US, by contrast, social enterprise has come to describe the undertaking of commercial ventures and engagement with business corporations by nonprofit organizations across a broad spectrum of public servicerelated activity (Young and Salamon, 2002). In addition, some scholars think about social enterprise along a public/private continuum of organizational forms and arrangements, where the emphasis is on achieving social innovation (Dees and Anderson, 2006). And, there is a growing group of practitioners and policymakers who see social enterprise as a new institutional form in itself – a kind of hybrid economic enterprise which combines profit-making with the achievement of social goals. Indeed, several countries in Europe, including Belgium, Italy and the United Kingdom, have enacted legislation to create new forms of social purpose organizations (Kerlin, 2006). The diverse conceptions of social enterprise do center, however, around a common notion that social enterprise involves the engagement of private sector forms of enterprise and market-based activity in the achievement of...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information