Research Handbooks in Intellectual Property series
Edited by Dev S. Gangjee
Chapter 5: Geographical Indications under WIPO-administered treaties
Whether geographical names or other denominations with a geographical connotation can be Geographical Indications (GIs) or Appellations of Origin (AOs) may be assessed differently from country to country. For example, the fact that some of these indications are protected as intellectual property rights in some jurisdictions, whereas in other jurisdictions they are considered as generic indications for a certain kind of product, has generated extensive debate for many years. This introductory section will outline WIPO’s longstanding engagement with these debates over several decades. More than a century ago, discussions between governments concerning the protection of GIs at the international level resulted in the incorporation of a number of provisions on the subject into the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property and in the conclusion of the Madrid Agreement for the Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source on Goods.
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