International Terrorism and Threats to Security

International Terrorism and Threats to Security

Managerial and Organizational Challenges

New Horizons in Management series

Edited by Ronald J. Burke and Cary L. Cooper

This original collection examines the managerial and organizational implications of international terrorism and threats to security. When Islamic terrorists flew hijacked airplanes into the World Trade Center on 9/11, it changed much of the world forever. The number of deaths and the financial losses resulting from the attack was unprecedented. 9/11 highlighted how risky life in organizations had become.

Chapter 6: Fear of Terror and Health: A Study of Apparently Healthy Employees

Arie Shirom, Sharon Toker, Shlomo Berliner, Itzhak Shapira and Samuel Melamed

Subjects: business and management, organisational behaviour, politics and public policy, international relations, terrorism and security


Arie Shirom, Sharon Toker, Shlomo Berliner, Itzhak Shapira and Samuel Melamed1 INTRODUCTION There is substantial evidence, reviewed below, that mass violence in general, and terrorism in particular, is associated with physical and mental health impairments (Baum and Dougall, 2002; Duffy et al., 2007; Marshall et al., 2007). However, potential effects of fear of terror and objective exposure to terror on biomarkers of physical health and on self-rated health (SRH), as an indicator of general health, have seldom been investigated. As noted in a recent review, the long-term effects of terrorism on physical health, especially in situations when the threat of terrorism continues over time, have hardly been investigated (Yehuda and Hyman, 2005). In general, media coverage of acts of terror focuses on the loss of lives, the injured, and property damage. However, perhaps the major objective of terrorism is ultimately psychological, to create a climate of fear and vulnerability affecting entire populations. For this reason, examining the relationships among objective exposure, fear of terror and mental and physical health provides an important and relevant research focus. In this chapter, we report on the results of two studies. The first study investigated the effects of fear of terror and objective exposure to terror on mental health as indicated by SRH. The second study investigated the effects of fear of terror on C-reactive protein levels, which indicate the presence of low-grade inflammation commonly regarded as carrying a potential risk of cardiovascular disease (Verma et al...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information