Table of Contents

A Handbook of Industrial Districts

A Handbook of Industrial Districts

Elgar original reference

Edited by Giacomo Becattini, Marco Bellandi and Lisa De Propis

In this comprehensive original reference work, the editors have brought together an unrivalled group of distinguished scholars and practitioners to comment on the historical and contemporary role of industrial districts (IDs).

Chapter 21: Innovation Processes and Industrial Districts

Paul L. Robertson, David Jacobson and Richard N. Langlois

Subjects: economics and finance, industrial economics, regional economics, urban and regional studies, regional economics


Paul L. Robertson, David Jacobson, and Richard N. Langlois* 1. introduction Innovation1 is based on the generation, diffusion and use of new knowledge. While it is possible to conceive of a firm that is so hermetic in its use of knowledge that all stages of innovation, including the combination of old and new knowledge, rely exclusively on internal sources, in practice most innovations involving products or processes of even modest complexity entail combining knowledge that derives, directly or indirectly, from several sources. Knowledge generation, therefore, must be accompanied by effective mechanisms for knowledge diffusion and for ‘indigenizing’ knowledge originally developed in other contexts and for other purposes so that it meets a new need. Because of their individual qualities, industrial districts (IDs) have special environmental characteristics for innovation. When accompanied by close social relationships, tight geographical proximity may affect innovation in ways that are less common in more highly dispersed environments. For example, an awareness of common problems can encourage several firms, or their suppliers and customers, to seek solutions, leading to multiple results that can be tested competitively in the market. These outcomes can then be relatively easily dif used among firms in the f ID because of embeddedness in a common environ ent. The obverse of this comm monality of inspiration and ease of transmission of knowledge, however, may be an inordinately inward focus that results in an ignorance of or disdain for innovation processes in other regions or in indusries not represented in the ID. Furthermore, t...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information