New Horizons in Regional Science series
Edited by Philip Cooke and Luciana Lazzeretti
Philip Cooke and Luciana Lazzeretti INTRODUCTION What is the creative city? This is not the ﬁrst recent book to investigate that important and growing question. A relatively recent collection by Power and Scott (2004) explored similar territory under the rubric of cultural industries and the production of culture. While we are delighted that books of this quality and range are becoming available for study and research, we aim in this book to be clear about one thing in particular. Most treatments in this burgeoning ﬁeld tend to use the terms ‘cultural’ and ‘creative’ interchangeably. As articulated with great precision for the case of Vancouver by Smith and Warﬁeld in Chapter 12, in the book generally and in this introduction speciﬁcally we distinguish cultural economy and creative industries. This is because – as shown in a companion book to this one focusing upon Creative Regions (Cooke and Schwartz, 2007) – the two have almost totally distinctive modes of production, institutional bases and aesthetic content. Thus it can be a little alarming to see, as yet, inadequate recognition of these important diﬀerences. That is not to say that the two do not engage, interact and inspire each other as represented in ‘punk’ regalia or minimalist set design gracing presentations of Hamlet or Carmen, while it is notable that two of the globally style-deﬁning costumier companies, Gucci and Prada, retain their functional bases in the adopted home town of Leonardo da Vinci in Florence. Nevertheless, fundamentally, those apparent contradictions sum up...