Bridging Disciplinary Frontiers
Chapter 13: International Networking in Research and Learning: Reflections on the Impacts of Different Governance Processes
13. International networking in research and learning: reﬂections on the impacts of diﬀerent governance processes David Bailey, Lisa De Propris, Roger Sugden and James R. Wilson 1 INTRODUCTION Integrating various strands of research in the economics of business (particularly from strategic decision-making analysis of production activity) and concentrating on stylized possibilities, we consider the rationale for, and implications of, diﬀerent forms of networking. The chapter is in part a contribution to the analysis of networking in any productive sector, emphasizing not least networking that crosses geographical borders. However, its especial focus is on higher education, and in that regard the chapter is a contribution both on the methods of acquiring and imparting knowledge, and on the choice of institutional form in research and learning. In section 2 we provide a context for analysing international networking in production activities for a particular service sector: research and learning in higher education. The section identiﬁes a benchmark set of aims and objectives that might guide the design and choice of an ‘industrial organization’ for that sector (from an international networking perspective).1 This reference point is used in section 3 to consider alternative types of networking, a speciﬁc aspect of organizational choice. The section relies on the distinction between networks of direction and of mutual dependence. It concentrates especially on the prospect of a ‘multi-locality web’, a type of network associated with ‘democracy’, a restressing of ‘positive freedom’ and ‘multinationalism’, and one that relies on ‘mental proximity’ amongst...
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