Research Handbooks in International Law series
Edited by Bartram S. Brown
Chapter 14: Extradition and mutual legal assistance
: recent trends in inter-state cooperation to combat international crimes Ved P. Nanda INTRODUCTION In this era of globalization, worldwide concern with international terrorism and other crossborder crimes, such as narcotics trafficking, trafficking in persons, arms smuggling, financial crimes, massive tax cheating and major frauds, have led to several multilateral, regional and bilateral interstate efforts to combat such crimes. In the aftermath of the tragic events of 11 September 2001, the United Nations and several regional organizations, especially the European Union and the Organization of American States (OAS), undertook new initiatives to respond to the threats of terrorism. For example, the UN Security Council invoked Chapter VII of the UN Charter to authorize the use of force in self-defense to combat international terrorism. This indeed was a transformative decision, which was followed by the Security Council’s sanctioning of stringent financial measures by states to address the menace of terrorism. In recent years, the United States has fostered closer law enforcement cooperation with other countries and with the European Union. Compounding the 9/11 concerns for Europe (since key logistical and planning centers for terrorist attacks on the United States were found to be in Germany and Spain) were the 2004 terrorist bombings in Madrid and terrorist attacks on the London transport system in 2005. The EU responded by creating a counter-terrorism coordinator and by the adoption of a new EU counter-terrorism strategy. It is worth noting that the main hurdles in creating effective mechanisms to promote inter-state cooperation have been sovereignty-related issues,...
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