Research Handbooks in International Law series
Edited by Sarah Joseph and Adam McBeth
Chapter 14: The Inter-American Human Rights System: Selected Examples of its Supervisory Work
Diego Rodríguez-Pinzón and Claudia Martin 1 Introduction The work of the Inter-American human rights system (‘Inter-American system’) extends for over 50 years. The Inter-American system emerged with the adoption of the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man1 in April 1948. However, the Inter-American system started, in practice, with the creation of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (‘the Commission’ or ‘IACHR’) in 1959. In 1969 the Inter-American system adopted the American Convention on Human Rights (‘American Convention’),2 and in 1979 it established the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (‘the Inter-American Court’). The goal of this chapter is to describe briefly the functions of the Commission and the Inter-American Court and provide some examples on how these organs have addressed human rights violations in regard to Englishspeaking States. Section 2 focuses on the Commission’s powers and functions and contains an overview of the work carried out in monitoring the protection of human rights in the so-called war against terrorism. Section 3 describes the scope of the Inter-American Court’s powers and functions within its contentious jurisdiction, and there is a brief review of a group of emblematic human rights issues which the Inter-American Court addresses, in the context of cases arising from English-speaking Caribbean States. 2 The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights A The functions and powers of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (i) Political dimension The political dimension of the Commission’s American Declaration of Rights and Duties of Man, OAS Doc OEA/Ser.L.V/II.82 Doc 6...
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