International Business under Adversity

International Business under Adversity

A Role in Corporate Responsibility, Conflict Prevention and Peace

Edited by Gabriele G.S. Suder

What is the role of international business in this dilemma? How and why do international corporations maximize value beyond core strategy and partners through corporate responsibility? This informative and accessible resource expands the readers’ understanding of the ways in which profit maximization, value creation and community benefit interconnect. How to respect the wider business settings and communities, the environment and encourage peace? Is this just another dream? This book clearly provides a starting point for upstream mitigation, in which collective action allows disruption to be avoided at its very roots. It shows the way into responsible business, as a downright condition for an enlightened self-interest for all parties to pursue.

Chapter 7: Adversarial Allies: The Evolving China–India Nexus

Nikhilesh Dholakia

Subjects: business and management, corporate governance, international business, economics and finance, corporate governance, politics and public policy, terrorism and security


Nikhilesh Dholakia 7.1 THE ASIAN GIANTS: WARY NEIGHBOURS, OBLIQUE COMPETITORS, RETICENT PARTNERS In global economic overviews, China and India get increasingly mentioned in the same breath. They are seen as rising economic powers as well as rivals. Spurred by rapid economic growth, these two most populous nations in the world are becoming two of the most prominent economic players on the global scene. On a Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) basis, China is already the second largest and India the fourth largest economy in the world. Even in nominal dollars, by mid-century China and India are projected to surpass all others and become two of the largest economies in the world. Similarities of techno-economic strategies and trajectories of rival nations often mask subsurface simmering tensions that could flare into open conflict or transform into protracted, hostile Cold War stances. Drawing on earlier historical conflicts and tensions of the 20th century, Lal (2006) makes the following observations about China and India in the 21st century (p. 1): Countries often follow similar policies to attain competitive economic or military capabilities. In the period leading up to the First World War, Britain and Germany each constructed dreadnoughts. During the Cold War, the Soviet Union and the United States each built massive arsenals of nuclear tipped ballistic missiles . . . China and India have defined economic reform and defence modernization as policies for planning their national interests . . . Despite [facing] . . . similar threats . . . and the similarities of capabilities sought . . . these large, rapidly developing countries [have] arrived...

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