Innovation Networks in Industries

Innovation Networks in Industries

Edited by Franco Malerba and Nicholas S. Vonortas

Innovation Networks in Industries provides an extensive study in the fields of industry structure, firm strategy and public policy through the use of network concepts and indicators. It also elucidates many of the complexities and challenges involved.

Preface

Edited by Franco Malerba and Nicholas S. Vonortas

Subjects: economics and finance, economics of innovation, evolutionary economics, industrial organisation, innovation and technology, economics of innovation

Extract

At the turn of the millennium, the European Commission released the communication, “Towards a European Research Area”.1 This statement of goals has come to underline European strategic thinking regarding the role of the Commission, as well as that of national and regional governments of member states, in science and technology policy. The prospect of a European Research Area has provided the basic foundation for the sixth Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development and is expected to continue doing so for the seventh Framework Programme. Networks linking scientists, research institutes, universities and firms are a pillar of the envisioned European Research Area. The communication from the Commission emphasizes the need for better coordination between national and European research centres. It also calls for more consistency in foresight exercises, science and technology watch, socioeconomic intelligence, science and technology options at the national and European levels, and benchmarking exercises. It makes a plea for improved statistics and indicators at a European level, particularly the kind of indicators that address important features of the knowledge-based society. This book traces its origins to a research project, “Network Indicators: Science, Technology and Innovation”2 (STI-NET) funded by the European Commission to start tackling the issue of network indicators. The main objective of STI-NET was to identify, construct and analyse network indicators for European science, technology and innovation. The consortium partners studied network formation and structure and derived relevant indicators from three large longitudinal databases of European patent citations, scientific co-publications and inter-firm cooperative agreements....