Table of Contents

Road Congestion Pricing in Europe

Road Congestion Pricing in Europe

Implications for the United States

Edited by Harry W. Richardson and Chang-Hee Christine Bae

In February 2003, the London Congestion Charging Scheme was introduced and in 2006 a similar policy was introduced in Stockholm. In both cases automobile traffic entering the cordon declined by about 20 percent. This book evaluates these and other similar programs exploring their implications for the United States. This study’s value lies in the fact that it examines road pricing in the real world and not simply from a theoretical viewpoint. As a comparative study it will appeal to both policymakers and academics in transportation economics and planning, urban economics, planning and economic geography.

Chapter 15: The Stockholm Congestion Charging System: A Summary of the Effects

Jonas Eliasson, Karin Brundell-Freij and Muriel Beser Hugosson

Subjects: economics and finance, transport, environment, transport, urban and regional studies, transport

Extract

15. The Stockholm congestion charging system: a summary of the effects Jonas Eliasson, Karin Brundell-Freij and Muriel Beser Hugosson 1 INTRODUCTION The Stockholm Trial consisted of two parts: a congestion charging scheme, which operated between 3 January and 31 July 2006, and an enhanced public transport scheme, which ran between 31 August 2005 and 31 December 2006. Initially, the trial was meant to consist only of a congestion charging scheme. However, it was later decided that this should be complemented with public transport improvements – several new bus lines, additional capacity on commuter trains and subways, and more park-and-ride facilities. The congestion charging scheme was originally meant to be a ‘full-scale trial for several years’, and was part of an agreement between the Social Democrats and the leftist and Green parties on the national level following the election in Autumn 2002. For various reasons, particularly legal objections regarding the technology procurement process, the congestion charge period was ultimately considerably shorter than was initally planned. The Stockholm Trial was followed by referendums in the City of Stockholm and in about half of the neighbouring municipalities. In the City of Stockholm referendum, a majority favoured keeping the charges, but a majority of the voters in the county were against them. However, the results are somewhat misleading, since most of the municipalities where polls showed greater support for the charges did not hold a referendum at all. After considering for a few weeks how to interpret the outcome of the referendums, the new...

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