Table of Contents

Road Congestion Pricing in Europe

Road Congestion Pricing in Europe

Implications for the United States

Edited by Harry W. Richardson and Chang-Hee Christine Bae

In February 2003, the London Congestion Charging Scheme was introduced and in 2006 a similar policy was introduced in Stockholm. In both cases automobile traffic entering the cordon declined by about 20 percent. This book evaluates these and other similar programs exploring their implications for the United States. This study’s value lies in the fact that it examines road pricing in the real world and not simply from a theoretical viewpoint. As a comparative study it will appeal to both policymakers and academics in transportation economics and planning, urban economics, planning and economic geography.

Chapter 18: Expansion of Toll Lanes or More Free Lanes? A Case Study of SR91 in Southern California

Harry W. Richardson, Peter Gordon, James E. Moore II and Qisheng Pan

Subjects: economics and finance, transport, environment, transport, urban and regional studies, transport

Extract

Harry W. Richardson, Peter Gordon, James E. Moore II, Sungbin Cho and Qisheng Pan 1 INTRODUCTION The research reported here builds on our earlier work modeling the regional economic impacts of highway and other infrastructure projects. We are particularly interested in treating the full effects of highway capacity gains and losses, and this application elaborates this work in two important directions. First, we have extended our modeling capability to include highway lanes that are tolled. Second, we apply the new model to an important prototype application, the originally private, now public, lanes in the median of a 10-mile segment of California State Route (SR) 91. The possible widening of this route with additional tolled or generalpurpose lanes has been the subject of considerable controversy. A noncompete provision in the franchise awarded to the California Private Transportation Company (CPTC) had stood in the way of public agencies’ efforts to provide additional capacity in the corridor. Our approach sheds light on such controversies and, thereby, may reduce political conflict and misunderstanding. We also show that, whereas congestion tolls are widely presumed to be efficient, the efficiency outcomes are complex when only a part of the network is tolled. 2 CALIFORNIA SR91 EXPRESS LANES The SR91 express lanes were California’s first private toll highway project, which was developed under enabling legislation passed by the California legislature in 1989. A franchise was eventually awarded to the CPTC who financed, built and operated two tolled lanes in each direction along...

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