Towards Innovation with Care
New Horizons in the Economics of Innovation series
Edited by Lars Fuglsang
Chapter 9: The Interaction Between Public Science and Industry, and the Role of the Øresund Science Region’s Platform Organization
Povl A. Hansen and Göran Serin INTRODUCTION In the last two decades, the central focus of industrial and scientiﬁc policy has been on transferring public scientiﬁc research to industry. This has been based on a criticism of the lack of eﬀectiveness of previous policies in this ﬁeld. Two political instruments have been used, increasing public scientiﬁc R&D in general, and developing mechanisms for transferring public science. The relation between public science and industry has often been seen as “mechanical” in that it has been regarded as a simple transfer of public science to industry. The view reduces public science institutions to transfer institutions and industry to recipients of public knowledge and technology. This chapter argues that this approach is somewhat simplistic and must be replaced by a more caring approach respecting both the speciﬁc characters of both public science and industry, but also paying attention to the speciﬁc innovation patterns of diﬀerent industries and, consequently, their diﬀerent relations to public science. Only by employing this approach and recognizing these diﬀerences is it possible, in the long run, for industry to maximize its beneﬁts from its interaction with public science and maintain the dynamics of both forms of research. In this connection, a discussion of the character of the interaction between public science and industry has developed. It concerns the impact of public science on diﬀerent types of industries as well as the importance of diverse types of...
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