Shaping Climate Change Policy
ESRI Studies Series on the Environment
Lisa Ryan and Hal Turton
The concept of sustainable development has evolved into a guiding principle for a liveable future world in which human needs are met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (UN, 1987). One of the implications of the pursuit of sustainable development is that the natural systems that support present and future needs must be maintained. However, addressing the challenge of sustainability encompasses other social, economic and environmental dimensions, and requires a long-term systematic perspective and the integration of many diﬀerent elements. Energy and transport are two such elements, and directing the global energy system and transport systems onto a sustainable path is becoming an increasingly important concern and policy objective (Schrattenholzer et al., 2004; IEA, 2001; Riahi et al., 2001; Barreto et al., 2003). Among other factors, climate change constitutes one of the most serious threats to achieving the goals of sustainable development, and for energy sustainability in the long term. There is mounting evidence of human interference with the Earth’s climate system and increasing concern about possible serious adverse impacts resulting from future global climate change (IPCC, 2001a). Realizing sustainable energy and transport systems with a low impact on the global climate, but that still achieve other long-term development goals, such as poverty alleviation and maintaining a secure energy supply, may require profound and wide-reaching changes. The objective of this book is to analyse these changes in terms of the potential to establish a sustainable global transport system as part of the realization...