Shaping Climate Change Policy
ESRI Studies Series on the Environment
Lisa Ryan and Hal Turton
Chapter 3: Transport Technology and Fuel Characteristics and Future Prospects
Lisa Ryan and Hal Turton
Future population growth and increasing incomes throughout the world are expected to drive increasing demands for private mobility, particularly automobile transport over the 21st century. Satisfying this emerging demand for global automobile transport is likely to pose many challenges to long-term sustainable development. In particular, the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to avoid the worst impacts of climate change, and to manage non-renewable energy resources, are two challenges that appear incompatible with a large expansion in automobile use. However, as brieﬂy discussed in Chapter 1, the application of new technologies has the potential to alleviate some of the impacts. For instance, vehicle technologies able to achieve high fuel eﬃciencies, or to utilize alternative renewable energy sources, represent promising possibilities for satisfying mobility demands while avoiding some of the negative impacts of transport on sustainability. The potential far-reaching impact of technology is perhaps best appreciated by considering the role of the internal combustion engine (ICE) in the 20th century. The ICE was one of the most important technologies of the century, transforming personal mobility in the developed world and in doing so strongly inﬂuencing the development of human settlements, trade, tourism and communication. Moreover, the ICE also transformed global energy production, and has indirectly inﬂuenced historical and current global geopolitics. One key question is whether this technology will maintain its position in the 21st century, or be replaced by one of a number of emerging alternatives. With this in mind, in this chapter we explore some...
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