Table of Contents

Handbook on Trade and the Environment

Handbook on Trade and the Environment

Elgar original reference

Edited by Kevin P. Gallagher

In this comprehensive reference work, Kevin Gallagher has compiled a fresh and broad-ranging collection of expert voices commenting on the interdisciplinary field of trade and the environment. For over two decades policymakers and scholars have been struggling to understand the relationship between international trade in a globalizing world and its effects on the natural environment. The authors in this Handbook provide the tools to do just that.

Introduction: International Trade and the Environment

Kevin P. Gallagher

Subjects: economics and finance, environmental economics, international economics, environment, environmental economics, environmental law, environmental politics and policy, law - academic, environmental law, international economic law, trade law, politics and public policy, environmental politics and policy, european politics and policy, international politics


Kevin P. Gallagher Over the course of almost 20 years a burgeoning field of interdisciplinary research and policy work has emerged surrounding the issues of international trade and the environment. The purpose of this book is to provide a comprehensive but not exhaustive study of the thinking and policy around these issues. The contributors comprise close to 30 of the world’s academic experts in the field, each of whom addresses the topics in his or her sub-field. The volume will serve as a guide for both undergraduate and graduate students, as well as for scholars wishing to start research in this field and to policy-makers wanting a quick and comprehensive reference to research on trade and environment. The world economy is witnessing a new wave of economic globalization, defined qualitatively as the integration of the world’s economies through an increasing array of multilateral, regional, and bilateral trade and investment agreements, as well as numerous examples of governments that are unilaterally reducing the role of the state in economic affairs. This in part has led to large increases in the volumes of international trade and investment in the world economy. According to the World Bank, trade (exports plus imports) as a percentage of world gross domestic product (GDP) was 24 percent in 1960, 38 percent in 1985 and 52 percent in 2005. In other words, over half of all economic activity in the world economy, which is close to US$50 trillion in size, is traded. The environment...