Table of Contents

The Dynamics between Entrepreneurship, Environment and Education

The Dynamics between Entrepreneurship, Environment and Education

European Research in Entrepreneurship series

Edited by Alain Fayolle and Paula Kyrö

This book introduces the expanding European dialogue between entrepreneurship, environment and education. It considers the shape, dimensions and horizon of this multidisciplinary landscape in entrepreneurship research. The striking differences and contradictions in entrepreneurial activities, readiness and innovativeness within European countries and the proactive attitude and activities of European competitors impose a demand for a better understanding of the complex dynamics.

Chapter 1: Introduction: Broadening the Scope and Dynamics of Entrepreneurship Research in Europe

Paula Kyrö and Alain Fayolle

Subjects: business and management, entrepreneurship, management education, management and universities, economics and finance, environmental economics, education, management and universities, management education, environment, environmental economics


Paula Kyrö and Alain Fayolle This book continues the discourse on the dynamics of entrepreneurship research set in motion in the first book in this series, European Research in Entrepreneurship (Fayolle et al., 2005). At that time our aim was to identify and elaborate the emergence of a European position in the entrepreneurship debate and to see what kind of a profile the European research might have. The positive response to that book indicated that European research does indeed have its specifics, which merit further research. In our introduction, ‘The entrepreneurship debate in Europe: a matter of history and culture’, we anticipated that the dialogue between Europe and, for example, Asia will intensify in the future, challenging European research and efforts to enhance its entrepreneurial and innovative culture. This challenge is a reality today. For example the Chinese government has now taken a strategic decision to develop an innovation-based country by 2020 by integrating entrepreneurship into its education, developmental activities and research (Wang Xingsun, 2007). There is also a lot to do to catch up with the USA in this respect. Only the new EU member states, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland score better than the USA in the desirability of self-employment (European Commission, 2007). Inside Europe the assessment of the Total Entrepreneurial Activity (TEA) Index signals that the countries ranked high in innovativeness still have entrepreneurial activity below the European average, for example France, Finland and Estonia. These striking differences and contradictions in entrepreneurial activities, readiness...