Chapter 21: Italian Catholics of Lancashire and the Jewish Community of Yorkshire
Claudio Vignali, Neil Robinson and Gianpaolo Vignali INTRODUCTION Glazer and Moynihan (1963) compared Jews with Italian Catholics in New York. The objective of this chapter is to compare these two groups in England, with a focus on their entrepreneurship. The war of the roses is a play on words. In recent UK history the red rose was a symbol of Lancashire whilst the white rose was a symbol of Yorkshire, two of the most famous shires in the UK. They were the homes of two distinct royal families that always fought for power. The whites were linked with peaceful activities whilst the reds were aggressive in their approach. We have linked this historical fact to the two immigrant communities that have made the UK their homes. The Italians who live in Lancashire started as entrepreneurs but did not have the sense of commitment to the community as did the Jewish community that settled in Yorkshire. They were more committed to the future and invested heavily in both their entrepreneurial skills and their local environment. The lesson to be learned is that social responsibility is necessary if a true integration is required. ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN THE UK JEWISH COMMUNITY It is not exactly clear when the first Jewish communities settled in England, although it is generally assumed that the earliest Jewish commune would have been created during the Middle Ages, perhaps during 1066. This would have developed as an advancement of the Jewish colonies already living in Northern France. It is estimated...
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