Environmental Protection in China

Environmental Protection in China

Land-Use Management

Edited by Jeff Bennett, Xuehong Wang and Lei Zhang

Faced with intensified environmental degradation and decreased agricultural land productivity, the Chinese government has sought policy interventions to reverse both of these negative trends. Among the policy instruments is the Conversion of Cropland to Forest and Grassland Program (CCFGP) that aims to change the pattern of agricultural land use in 25 provinces and autonomous regions across China. This book provides the most comprehensive assessment of the CCFGP undertaken to date. It allows the consideration of fundamental questions pertaining to the sustainability of the land use changes brought about by the CCFGP, its cost effectiveness and the prospects for policy evolution. Contributions from a wide range of economists and scientists in the book provide policymakers in the Chinese government with relevant information with which to pursue more effectively agro-environmental goals.

Chapter 8: An Overall Assessment of the CCFGP and Policy Recommendations

Xuehong Wang, Jeff Bennett, Lei Zhang and Chen Xie

Subjects: asian studies, asian development, development studies, asian development, economics and finance, environmental economics, environment, asian environment, environmental economics


Xuehong Wang, Jeff Bennett, Lei Zhang and Chen Xie INTRODUCTION With a number of the components of the social welfare change brought about by the Conversion of Cropland to Forest and Grassland Program (CCFGP) identified and evaluated in previous chapters, it is possible to conduct an albeit partial cost–benefit analysis (CBA) of the Program. The CBA builds on the findings on the agricultural production impacts of the Program and its market and non-market environmental changes. There are other environmental costs and benefits that are not included in the analysis due to the lack of scientific information to establish the links between biophysical changes and economic impacts. As such, a partial CBA is conducted with an aim to inform policy-making of the CCFGP. The research hypothesis – ‘The CCFGP improves the social welfare of people in North China’ – can be tested. A number of issues around the implementation of the CCFGP can be further investigated within the institutional framework and political economy of China. These issues include the sustainability of the Program, its economic efficiency and its cost-effectiveness. An analysis of these issues helps to identify the problems associated with the Program, potential policy alternatives, and consequently policy guidance for future implementation of the Program. This chapter is structured as follows. In the next section, the results of the partial cost–benefit analysis of the CCFGP are presented. This is followed by a discussion of the policy implications of the Program in Section 3, concentrating...

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