Managing Global Organizations

Managing Global Organizations

A Cultural Perspective

Rabi S. Bhagat, Harry C. Triandis and Annette S. McDevitt

The globalization of business is a reality that confronts organizations of all sizes from different nations and cultures. This book serves as a comprehensive guide for understanding the nature of cultural variations that affect important aspects of organizational behavior.

Chapter 2: Culture and cultural frameworks

Rabi S. Bhagat, Harry C. Triandis and Annette S. McDevitt

Subjects: business and management, international business


In the last chapter, we emphasized the idea that culture evolves when a group of people living in close physical proximity and sharing a common language develop a way of interpreting and enacting on their social environment in a shared fashion. Therefore, cultural patterns evolve when the following ecological and demographic factors are present: 1) A group of people who need to work cooperatively in order to survive and maintain a sense of connectedness and belonging in a distinct geographical locale. 2) As a direct consequence of the need to cooperate and collaborate a system of language, symbols, codes, and ways of communication is developed. A sense of collective identity begins to evolve as a common language makes interpretation of subjective and objective experiences within the same frame of reference. 3) Interactions among the members of this collective are of an enduring nature. A group of people who pursue common objectives and speak the same language begins to develop ties of emotional interconnectedness and bonds. Consider the following scenario: A group of travelers who are stranded due to an ice storm in an airport begin to develop ways of coping with the situation by sharing information regarding the closest hotels to stay in overnight, and so on.

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