Building Domestic Capabilities in a Global Setting
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Edited by Bengt-Åke Lundvall, K. J. Joseph, Cristina Chaminade and Jan Vang
Chapter 13: Designing Innovation Policies for Development: Towards a Systemic Experimentation-based Approach
Cristina Chaminade, Bengt-Åke Lundvall, Jan Vang and K.J. Joseph 13.1 Introduction This chapter sheds light on how to address, conceptualize and design innovation policies taking into account the specific characteristics of innovation systems in developing countries. The main purpose is to reflect on the policy implications of adopting the innovation system perspective to the particularities of developing countries. We take as our point of departure the findings and contributions of the previous chapters in this Handbook. It is only recently that the concept of innovation has entered the development discourse and subsequently the agenda of policy makers in developing countries and international aid organizations (UNCTAD 2007; Farley et al., 2007). Implementing innovation policies in developing countries has proved to be a challenging task. Academics, development practitioners and policy makers are still struggling with understanding how to conceptualize innovation in developing countries, identifying who are the beneficiaries of innovation processes and more generally conceptualizing innovation system policies in the South (Lundvall et al., 2006; Borras et al., 2009; Intarakumnerd and Chaminade, 2007). Policy makers often lack tools for identifying problems in the system and for selecting policies supporting innovation and competence-building to tackle them. Identifying innovation policies that could be applied to all developing countries is impossible. The heterogeneity in the configuration of their specific innovation systems is too large. Each developing country is embedded in a specific socio-economic institutional context. Nonetheless it is useful to consider how innovation systems in developing countries differ from the mature innovation systems that...
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