Research Handbooks in International Law series
Edited by James A.R. Nafziger and Stephen F. Ross
Chapter 7: Gambling on Sports
Paul M. Anderson I. INTRODUCTION On November 5, 2010, a Major League Baseball (MLB) betting scandal came to light when New York Mets clubhouse manager Charlie Samuels was suspended by the club and surrendered to authorities for placing bets on baseball and football games with a mob ring.1 This incident culminated a larger, ﬁve-year investigation of illegal betting by Mets employees.2 It originated when authorities determined that the team’s head groundskeeper had been part of a $360 million gambling ring. The speciﬁc investigation of Samuels began when the Mets contacted the police and district attorney because they suspected he was ‘misappropriating funds in a number of ways’3 and may have raided the team’s accounts and sold memorabilia to help cover his gambling debts.4 Unfortunately, this example is not unique. The sports arena is frequently shaken by scandal when players and employees bet on their events or contests. In response, legislators, courts, and sports organizations throughout the world have taken measures to combat the problem of corrupt gambling on sports, while at the same time promoting controlled, revenue-producing gambling activity. This chapter focuses broadly on the regulation of sports-related gambling by the United States, several other countries, and international sports organizations. What follows is essentially a comparative study of alternative regulatory institutions and instruments. Before we turn to this body of law, however, it will be helpful to ask why regulation is essential to the integrity of sports competition. A. The Need for Regulation In general, betting or gambling on...
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