Chapter 6: Gender Differences in Work Experiences, Satisfactions and Well-being Among Manufacturing Managers in Turkey
* Ronald J. Burke, Mustafa Koyuncu and Lisa Fiksenbaum Introduction As more women enter the professional and managerial workforce worldwide, researchers have become increasingly interested in their work experiences and career progress (for example, see Davidson and Burke, 2004). This research has considered the work and career experiences of women themselves and how women’s experiences and successes compared with their male counterparts. Most of this work has found significant gender differences on a variety of personal demographic and work situation characteristics (see Burke and Mattis, 2005). Thus female managers and professionals were found to be younger, more likely to be single and childless, have less job and organizational tenure, be at lower organizational levels and earn less income. However, gender differences in work experiences and satisfaction tended to be fewer. For example, while women report more obstacles to career advancement than do men (Morrison and Von Glinow, 1990; Morrison, 1992; Davidson and Burke, 2000; Burke and Mattis, 2005, 2007) women generally are as satisfied with their jobs as are men (see Nelson and Burke, 2002). The present study examined work experiences and both work and wellbeing outcomes of female and male managers and professionals in the manufacturing sector in Turkey. No previous research has considered this question in this occupation in Turkey or in other countries to our knowledge. It is not clear whether an increasing number of women in a profession over time have any effect on gender differences in work experiences and satisfactions and whether gender differences are smaller...
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