Greening the Car Industry

Greening the Car Industry

Varieties of Capitalism and Climate Change

John Mikler

This ground-breaking book will be of great benefit to students and academics, particularly those with an interest in comparative politics, public policy and international political economy. It may also serve as a resource for courses on environmental politics and environmental management as well as aspects of international relations and business/management. Given the book’s contemporary policy relevance, it will be a valuable reference for policy practitioners with an interest in industry policy, multinational corporations, the environment, and institutional approaches to comparative politics.

Appendix B: car class definitions

John Mikler

Subjects: environment, climate change, environmental politics and policy, politics and public policy, environmental politics and policy, european politics and policy, regulation and governance


As noted in Chapter 5, there are variations in the definition of car classes across the three territories. The exact definitions are given here. EUROPEAN UNION The data presented for the European Union is from the Association des Constructeurs Européens d’Automobiles (ACEA), which receives it in aggregated form from a private data collection agency. Phone discussions with ACEA personnel indicated that data disaggregated by country are not available, nor a uniform definition for car classes across countries and manufacturers. Furthermore, they were unsure how the private agency that aggregated the data into classes across EU member states did so. However, the ACEA personnel were able to provide examples of cars in each class which indicates the following: 1. ‘Small’ cars are cheap, economical four-cylinder cars that correspond with the definition of mini and small Japanese cars (see below) – for example the Peugeot 106 and 206; Ford Ka and Fiesta; Honda Logo and Civic; and Volkswagen Polo and Lupo. ‘Lower-medium’ cars are more expensive, slightly larger cars – for example, the Renault Megane; Opel Astra and Tigra; Toyota Corolla; and Volkswagen Golf and Beetle. ‘Upper-medium’ cars are larger cars – for example, the Citroen Xantia; Opel Vectra; and Subaru Legacy. ‘Executive’ cars are generally larger, more luxurious models, although in some cases they are sports and performance vehicles – for example, the BMW 3 and 5 series; Alfa Romeo 166 and Spider; Opel Omega; Audi A8; and Toyota Lexus. ‘Others’ are mostly four-wheel drives, people-movers and cross-over vehicles – for example, the Jeep Grand...

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