Achieving Kyosei in East Asia
Edited by Yoichiro Murakami and Thomas J. Schoenbaum
Yoichiro Murakami, Thomas Schoenbaum and Shin Chiba As is widely known, imperial Japan fought the most devastating and miserable war – the so-called Fifteen Year War (1930–45) – which had disastrous consequences and led to horrible losses. The Japanese troops’ invasion of neighboring and “enemy” nations is reported to have resulted in approximately twenty million casualties, including invaders and victims, soldiers and civilians. Immediately after the defeat, the Japanese people’s ﬁrm determination to avoid repeating the same folly of war-making produced several memorable deeds and institutions. Among them is the Japanese Constitution of 1947 called the “Peace Constitution”. In the Japanese Constitution one can ﬁnd the Japanese people’s ﬁrm resolution for the renouncement of war and the renunciation of military force. Another precious creation after the defeat was certainly the founding of International Christian University (ICU), Tokyo, Japan. This highly renowned and preeminent small liberal arts university is located in the western suburbs of Tokyo. In 1949 ICU was founded as the “university of tomorrow” and dedicated to bringing forth young men and women as makers of and workers for reconciliation and world peace. The founding of ICU can rightly be understood as a symbol of reconciliation between the United States and Japan, as many churches and individual Christians in the United States, together with a number of dedicated Japanese citizens, cooperated and donated in order to create this “university of tomorrow”. Thus, the 21st Century Center of Excellence (COE) program in the ﬁeld of multidisciplinary peace research has not only...