Achieving Kyosei in East Asia
Edited by Yoichiro Murakami and Thomas J. Schoenbaum
Chapter 2: Is Grand Theory Possible Today?
Shin Chiba 1. INTRODUCTION The International Christian University (ICU), Tokyo, Japan, has conducted a ﬁve-year Center of Excellence (COE) program entitled “Research and Education for Peace, Security, and Kyosei (Conviviality)”.1 We have named this research and educational program “comprehensive peace studies”. This is an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary program comprising many diﬀerent themes and projects, including narrowly deﬁned peace research and Anzengaku (a Japanese project on security/safety studies launched by this volume’s co-editor, Yoichiro Murakami). The COE program also includes other peace projects that focus on international relations, international cooperation, international development education, gender studies, ecology, sustainable business administration and forestry, and intercultural communication. The COE program includes studies in the “safe space” in human psyche (clinical psychology); peace and kyosei education; peacebuilding and conﬂict resolution; the issue of war responsibility and reconciliation in East Asia; stable and cooperative international order; studies in peace movements and paciﬁsm; and STS (science, technology and society). Our comprehensive program of peace studies is not merely comprehensive in its broad range of disciplinary and thematic coverage. Our program also hopes to provide a consistent, creative and relevant “grand theory” of peace, security and kyosei in an increasingly fragmented and destabilized world at the threshold of the twenty-ﬁrst century. When one attempts to construct a grand theory in comprehensive peace studies, one must ﬁrst examine whether or not a grand theory is even possible today. For today there is no consensus either in the ﬁeld of human sciences or social...