Achieving Kyosei in East Asia
Edited by Yoichiro Murakami and Thomas J. Schoenbaum
Chapter 6: Peace Studies and Peace Politics: Multicultural Common Security in North–South Conflict Situations
6. Peace studies and peace politics: multicultural common security in North–South conﬂict situations Kinhide Mushakoji 1. COMMON SECURITY BUILDING IN NORTH– SOUTH SITUATIONS This chapter will deal with the speciﬁc type of situation which we call “North–South situations”. It is based on the author’s experience in trying to transcend conﬂicts between the citizens of the North and the migrant workers from the South in Japan. The citizens, including NGO activists in Japan, share a common prejudice about the migrants from the South. This prejudice is especially intense in the case of “illegal” migrants and traﬃcked sex-workers. Under the media campaign which treats all foreigners as potential terrorists, the Japanese citizens, even feminists concerned by gender inequality, believe that the foreign migrants are a potential danger to their security. They cannot imagine the seriousness of the sense of insecurity of the migrants who experience daily the suspicion of the police as well as of the neighbors, at home, at their workplace, and at school. The belief prevailing in the civil society that the migrant workers are a threat to the security of the society increases the state of insecurity of the migrants, and a “security dilemma” follows. The more the citizens become suspicious, the more the migrants feel insecure and the less they open their hearts to the suspecting citizens. This chapter deals with the need to build an awareness among the “good” citizens about the reality of the present globalizing world, where a new...
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