Chapter 8: On Constitutional Pacifism in Post-War Japan: Its Theoretical Meanings
8. On constitutional paciﬁsm in postwar Japan: its theoretical meanings Shin Chiba We, the Japanese people, desire peace for all time and are deeply conscious of the high ideals controlling human relationship, and we have determined to preserve our security and existence, trusting in the justice and faith of the peace-loving peoples of the world. We desire to occupy an honored place in international society striving for the preservation of peace, and the banishment of tyranny and slavery, oppression and intolerance for all time from the earth. We recognize that all peoples of the world have the right to live in peace, free from fear and want. (Japanese Constitution, second paragraph of the Preamble) 1. Aspiring sincerely to an international peace based on justice and order, the Japanese people forever renounce war as a sovereign right of the nation and the threat or use of force as a means of settling international disputes. 2. In order to accomplish the aim of the preceding paragraph, land, sea, and air forces, as well as other war potential, will never be maintained. The right of belligerency of the state will not be recognized. (Japanese Constitution, Article 9) So-called paciﬁsm is no longer an illusion or utopia; paciﬁsm is the only realism of life left to us in this apocalyptic situation of threatening world annihilation. Paciﬁsts are the realists of life, and not merely voices of utopia. (Jürgen Moltmann, 1983) I INTRODUCTION: THE PEACE CONSTITUTION IN CRISIS It is...
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