Migration and the Globalisation of Health Care

Migration and the Globalisation of Health Care

The Health Worker Exodus?

John Connell

The international migration of health workers has been described by Nelson Mandela as the ‘poaching’ of desperately needed skills from under-privileged regions. This book examines the controversial recent history of skilled migration, and explores the economic and cultural rationale behind this rise of a complex global market in qualified migrants and its multifaceted outcomes.

Chapter 7: Migration and Health Provision

John Connell

Subjects: development studies, migration, economics and finance, health policy and economics, public sector economics, geography, human geography, politics and public policy, migration, public policy, social policy and sociology, health policy and economics, migration, urban and regional studies, migration


Migration of skilled health workers has diverse impacts, from more obvious effects on the delivery of health services and the economic consequences of the loss of locally trained workers to more subtle social, political and cultural impacts. Migrants tend to be relatively skilled and experienced, compared with those who stay. They move to improve their own livelihoods, and those of their families, and are usually the key beneficiaries of that migration. Recipient countries benefit from having workers to fill gaps in the health care system. Conversely, source countries and their populations, especially in remote areas, lose valuable skills unless those skills are an ‘overflow’ or are otherwise compensated for, perhaps through remittances. The provision of health care may be affected in both quality and quantity. Logic, widespread assumptions and vast amounts of anecdotal data suggest strong links between migration and the subsequent reduced performance of health care systems. Actual correlations between migration and malfunctioning health care systems are difficult to make, since it is hard to quantify what is not there, whether midwives or maternity wards, whose loss is often the stuff of journalism rather than academic analysis. Assessing the impact of migration – even indirectly – is difficult, and numerous anecdotes overwhelm reliable data. This chapter examines the direct impacts of migration on health care while the following chapter examines the more complex socioeconomic consequences of migration. Migration affects both the quality and quantity of health care. While it is axiomatic that lack of workers should disrupt health care provision, clear...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information