Workplace Psychological Health

Workplace Psychological Health

Current Research and Practice

New Horizons in Management series

Paula Brough, Michael O’Driscoll, Thomas Kalliath, Cary L. Cooper and Steven Poelmans

This insightful book provides a comprehensive overview of modern occupational health psychology, collated by leading international academics. The authors offer timely and expert discussion on core themes in this rapidly developing, state-of-the-art field.

Chapter 1: Work and Psychological Well-being

Paula Brough, Michael O’Driscoll, Thomas Kalliath, Cary L. Cooper and Steven Poelmans

Subjects: business and management, human resource management, organisational behaviour


OVERVIEW The fact that work can directly influence the psychological health and well-being of workers has become a point of increasing interest over the last few decades. Associations between work and psychological well-being are firmly established. The occupational stress literature in particular has demonstrated a variety of causal relationships between working environments and well-being, with some of this evidence now entrenched in specific legislation (Chapter 5 focuses specifically on occupational stress). The various ways in which paid employment influences the well-being of workers are also generally discussed in each chapter throughout this book. This first chapter focuses on the specific perspectives that best describe psychological well-being, the common antecedents of well-being and the associations between well-being and job performance. DEFINITIONS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING Psychological well-being can be defined by physical, emotional and psychological perspectives. Numerous antecedents of work-related well-being have been identified such as job characteristics, work design, ergonomics and psychosocial behaviours (communications and relationships between co-workers, harassment and bullying). Both individual and organizational consequences of poor well-being have also been identified and include adverse performance, attendance, decision-making, accidents and both physical and psychological employee ill health. Danna and Griffin (1999) provided a useful framework summarizing the common antecedents and consequences of occupational health and well-being (see Figure 1.1). Figure 1.1 depicts the core constructs of well-being as being satisfaction (life and job) and health (physical and psychological). The common workplace hazards and their impact on a worker’s physical health will be discussed in detail in the following chapter (Chapter...

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