Trajectories of Administrative Change in Italy, France, Greece, Portugal and Spain
Chapter 2: Reforming the Public Sector in a Politico-administrative Context in Motion
THE TRANSFORMATION OF POLITICS AND INSTITUTIONS IN ITALY OVER THE PERIOD 1992–2008 2.1 This chapter starts our journey through the exploration of the transformations of the public sector in Italy over the period 1992–2008. The first step is investigating the broader politico-administrative context within which public management reforms occurred. In this section, the main events that transformed the Italian politico-administrative context are illustrated. Section 2.2 will provide a stylized narrative of the events of reform of public management in Italy and a short description of their outcomes. Such reforms are analysed in closer detail in chapters 3 and 4, and explanations for the Italian trajectory of reform are provided in Chapter 5. Section 2.3 dwells briefly upon the main causes for public management reform, whilst Section 2.4 concludes the chapter with some reflections on Italy after the 2008 general election. An overview of the events is reported in Table 2.1, where both context and reform events are reported. More precisely, Table 2.1 reports the immediate outcome (‘state of affairs’) determined by the events: the unfolding of the event and the causal linkages with previous and contemporaneous events are narrated in the text; thus for example in the table it is reported that in 1993 the electoral regulation was modified: the process obviously started well before the outcome (the new electoral regulation) and covered a time span from the second half of the 1980s when a coalition of politicians, intellectuals and media operators triggered a mobilization that found in...
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