Perspectives from the Asia-Pacific
Edited by Matthew Tonts and M. A.B. Siddique
Chapter 8: Globalisation and Agriculture in the ASEAN Region
M.A.B. Siddique INTRODUCTION This chapter focuses on agriculture and globalisation in the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) region from 1984 to 2007. I have opted to omit Brunei and Myanmar, as data relating to the various indicators used in the analysis are not readily available for these two countries for a substantial portion of the period. Singapore is also omitted on the basis of its negligible agricultural sector. Therefore, this study focuses on the following ASEAN countries: Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. The analysis deals with these seven countries in two different groups, namely the ASEAN transition economies1 (ATEs) and the ASEAN4.2 These two groups differ in their characteristics: whereas the ATEs have only recently started to slowly embrace market economics, the countries in the ASEAN4 have had capitalistic systems in place for a relatively long time, possibly due to the influence of colonial rule in the earlier half of the century. For example, a political party in Cambodia, one of the ATEs, still adheres to a platform of socialism; and similarly, in Laos, there is still strong socialist rule. At the other end of the spectrum in the ASEAN4 economies, for example in Thailand and Malaysia, capitalism is the dominant form of economic organisation. In this chapter, I also use the term ASEAN7 to refer to all the countries in both groups together. While there are numerous different definitions of globalisation, the main definition used in this chapter is the one defined by...
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