Co-operation and Outsourcing in the Global Economy
New Perspectives on the Modern Corporation series
Edited by Mario Morroni
Chapter 1: Introduction: Organizational Variety and Economic Performance
Mario Morroni AN INTERPRETATIVE FRAMEWORK 1.1 This book investigates the heterogeneity of organizational forms of business ﬁrms, oﬀering a picture of recent advances in the analysis of diﬀerent organizational settings adopted by ﬁrms in their endeavour to cope with increasing competitive pressure. The chapters of this book are derived from papers ﬁrst presented at the international workshop on ‘Internal Organization, Cooperative Relationships among Firms and Competitiveness’, held in Lucca in January 2007. During the meeting a number of stimulating papers animated lively discussions, covering an extensive array of diﬀerent theoretical and applied themes on the theory of the ﬁrm. The present selection contains the papers having direct relevance to the current debate on the emergent variety of organizational forms.1 The papers have undergone a substantial revision that reﬂects the insights and comments from the participants in the workshop and the particular focus of this collection. Applied studies show a widespread, profound and increasing heterogeneity across ﬁrms regarding strategy, organization arrangement and performance.2 Diﬀerent degrees of eﬃciency seem to bring about relatively persistent proﬁtability diﬀerentials among ﬁrms, whilst there is no evidence of a link between proﬁtability and the growth rate of ﬁrms. As is well known, growth rates tend to diﬀer markedly among ﬁrms.3 At the basis of inter-ﬁrm heterogeneity there is a complex set of links between basic conditions, decision-making mechanisms and organizational settings of the ﬁrms.4 Eﬃciency and proﬁtability of the ﬁrm depend on the...