Table of Contents

Handbook of Research on Innovation and Clusters

Handbook of Research on Innovation and Clusters

Cases and Policies

Handbooks of Research on Clusters series

Edited by Charlie Karlsson

The role of innovations and clusters has increasingly dominated local and regional development policies in recent decades. This authoritative and accessible Handbook considers important aspects of high-tech clusters, analyses insightful cluster case studies, and provides a number of recommendations for cluster policies.

Chapter 1: Introduction

Charlie Karlsson

Subjects: business and management, organisational innovation, economics and finance, economics of innovation, regional economics, innovation and technology, economics of innovation, organisational innovation, urban and regional studies, clusters, regional economics


Charlie Karlsson This handbook presents a comprehensive overview of research on economic clusters, which will be of interest to scholars doing research on clusters and clustering as well practitioners involved in cluster formation and cluster management. In the development of this book, leading writers on clusters from many countries have been attracted. The result is a thorough overview of clustering in high-tech industries, cluster case studies, and cluster policies presented in this handbook. A parallel overview of economic cluster research in terms of agglomeration and cluster theory, methods for analysing clusters, clustering in different spatial contexts, and clustering in service industries is presented in a parallel handbook, the Handbook of Research on Cluster Theory, edited by Charlie Karlsson and published by Edward Elgar. The studies cover the developed economies in Europe and North America. 1.1 High-tech clusters A huge interest has in recent decades been devoted to the phenomena of high-tech clusters among scientists, politicians and planners, as well as in media. These clusters that also are described as innovative, knowledge-intensive and the rest contain one or several industries that are R&D-intensive, have a high share of university trained employees and so on. In this section, we comment upon two aspects of high-tech clustering. Firstly, we discuss the general conditions that seem favourable for high-tech clustering to take place. Secondly, we discuss some of the process involved in high-tech clustering. Clustering is a localized phenomenon mainly taking place within the borders of functional urban regions. A functional (urban)...