Research Handbooks on the WTO series
Edited by Geert Van Calster and Denise Prévost
Chapter 16: Challenges for technology transfer in the climate change arena: what interactions with the TRIPS Agreement?
According to the relatively conservative 2007 Fourth Assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC AR4), the Earth continues to experience record-breaking temperatures caused by increased atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs). The transfer of technology, from industrialized to developing countries (as well as between industrialized countries) is a key pillar of the international framework for addressing global climate change. Addressing climate change requires a radical shift in economy-wide investment, production and consumption patterns in each country. The development and diffusion of technologies is a necessary element in ensuring that standards of living are maintained and poverty continues to be reduced as global warming is mitigated and weather impacts are minimized. Climate change is also a fundamental development challenge.
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