Table of Contents

Research Handbook on Environment, Health and the WTO

Research Handbook on Environment, Health and the WTO

Research Handbooks on the WTO series

Edited by Geert Van Calster and Denise Prévost

This Handbook provides state-of-the-art analysis by leading authors on the links between the international trade regime and health and environment concerns – concerns that make up an increasing proportion of WTO dispute settlement. Research Handbook on Environment, Health and the WTO surveys fields as diverse as climate change mitigation, non-communicable diseases, nanotechnology and public health care. The volume brings to the fore the debates and complexities surrounding these issues and their implications for the international trading system.

Chapter 16: Challenges for technology transfer in the climate change arena: what interactions with the TRIPS Agreement?

Dalindyebo Shabalala

Subjects: environment, environmental law, law - academic, environmental law, health law, international economic law, trade law


According to the relatively conservative 2007 Fourth Assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC AR4), the Earth continues to experience record-breaking temperatures caused by increased atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs). The transfer of technology, from industrialized to developing countries (as well as between industrialized countries) is a key pillar of the international framework for addressing global climate change. Addressing climate change requires a radical shift in economy-wide investment, production and consumption patterns in each country. The development and diffusion of technologies is a necessary element in ensuring that standards of living are maintained and poverty continues to be reduced as global warming is mitigated and weather impacts are minimized. Climate change is also a fundamental development challenge.

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