Intellectual Property in the WTO Volume I
Research Handbooks on the WTO series
Edited by Carlos M. Correa
Chapter 4: Enhancing Global Innovation Policy: The Role of WIPO and its Conventions in Interpreting the TRIPS Agreement
Graeme B. Dinwoodie and Rochelle C. Dreyfuss* 1 Introduction In recent years, it has become clear that the TRIPS regime is in trouble.1 Although lawmaking in the World Trade Organization (WTO) has essentially stalled,2 there is a continuing need to recalibrate the rules applicable to knowledge production. For developing countries, entry into the WTO was a compromise. When intellectual property lawmaking was centered in the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), these nations resisted attempts to increase the level of protection. That changed, however, with the inclusion of intellectual property in negotiations over trade: in return for access to markets in the developed world, developing countries were required to enact and enforce new intellectual property laws.3 While the TRIPS Agreement tried to ease their conversion to greater protection, the transitional provisions it included proved to be largely illusory: the time periods for compliance were too short; the promises of technology transfer and technical assistance, inadequately realized.4 Paradoxically, for some developing * The authors have published a more detailed account of the issues discussed in this chapter see ‘Designing a Global Intellectual Property System Responsive to Change: The WTO, WIPO, and Beyond’, 46 Hous. L. Rev. 1187 (2009). 1 Agreement on Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (1994), Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization [hereinafter WTO Agreement], Annex 1C, Legal Instruments – Results of the Uruguay Round, 33 ILM 1197 (hereinafter TRIPS Agreement or TRIPS). 2 Stephen Castle and Mark Landler, ‘After 7 Years, Talks Collapse on World Trade’, New York Times,...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.