Chapter 16: Captive and Contestable Port Hinterlands: Modelling and Visualization using GIS
Jacob Kronbak and Kevin Cullinane 16.1 Introduction Most port authorities have a very strong (intuitive) understanding of their hinterland, especially which parts of that hinterland are captive and which parts are contestable. This understanding can, however, be difficult to communicate or evaluate. This chapter describes the results of a research project where a geographical information system (GIS)-based model for the illustration and assessment of captive and contestable port hinterlands has been developed. The model can be used to visualize the cost structure for port hinterlands as thematic maps. This type of map can provide useful and accessible information and insight for the strategic planning performed by a port administration. This chapter gives a short introduction to the notion of port hinterlands, followed by a description of how the hinterland can be modelled spatially. The developed spatial model is then tested on a small empirical example and finally some conclusions and perspectives are outlined. 16.2 Port hinterlands The notion of a port hinterland has been around for quite some time, but the handling of the concept has been quite revitalized during recent years (see Notteboom and Rodrigue, 2005; Rodrigue and Notteboom, 2007). A basic definition of a port hinterland is the area from which the port attracts its business. In order to get the concept and notion used in this chapter right, a conceptual example is shown in Figure 16.1. In Figure 16.1, the hinterlands of the two ports A and B consist of concentric half-circles originating in the port...
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