Distributional Impacts of Climate Change and Disasters

Distributional Impacts of Climate Change and Disasters

Concepts and Cases

New Horizons in Environmental Economics series

Edited by Matthias Ruth and María E. Ibarrarán

Climate change tends to increase the frequency and intensity of weather-related disasters, which puts many people at risk. Economic, social and environmental impacts further increase vulnerability to disasters and tend to set back development, destroy livelihoods, and increase disparity nationally and worldwide. This book addresses the differential vulnerability of people and places, introducing concepts and methods for analysis and illustrating the impact on local, regional, national, and global scales.

Chapter 11: Conclusions

María E. Ibarrarán and Matthias Ruth

Subjects: development studies, development studies, economics and finance, environmental economics, regional economics, valuation, environment, disasters, environmental economics, valuation, urban and regional studies, regional economics

Extract

María E. Ibarrarán and Matthias Ruth The anticipated ramifications of climate change, especially the increased frequency and severity of weather events, can have disastrous implications for communities, economies and environments. As such, research into vulnerability to disasters needs to be sensitive to differences within and among socio-economic and geographically distinct segments of the population. The chapters in this volume have described the many facets of climate change, and focused on impacts and vulnerabilities, as well as mitigation and adaptive actions. Some of the chapters have presented empirical or modeling analyses that point towards policies to reduce the unequal impact of climate change, while other chapters have highlighted the need for more analysis to tackle an underexplored issue among scientific and policy researchers. This final chapter discusses the recommendations made and indicates areas of research for the future. The first part of the book presented an overview of the impact of climate change and natural disasters on the poor, and ranked countries according to their vulnerability. Overall, since the poor are more vulnerable to natural disasters and climate change tends to increase the frequency and intensity of these disasters, investment in disaster prevention, awareness and mitigation will positively affect inequality and poverty reduction. Vulnerability and resilience to climate change can be addressed by combining economic, social and environmental factors. In Chapter 2, Malone and Brenkert discussed a way to integrate these three sets of factors into a single indicator. It follows from their analysis that there are several factors...

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