New Horizons in Regional Science series
This chapter presents case studies from the Pacific Rim. They are: Newcastle, Australia, Hong Kong, Singapore and Chihuahua, Mexico. 9.1 9.1.1 NEWCASTLE, AUSTRALIA Background: An Inner-city Redevelopment Project in an Industrial City in Transformation Newcastle is a former iron and steel heavy manufacturing city located on Australia’s east coast to the north of Sydney. It is the regional capital of the Hunter Valley region. In this case, the redevelopment of the inner-city 45 hectares Honeysuckle site under the auspices of a development corporation imposed by the state government of New South Wales is examined. The Honeysuckle site stretches along a continuous 3 km strip of Newcastle’s harbor. At that site, the Honeysuckle Development Corporation (HDC) has been implementing a strategy that intends to guide redevelopment over the next 20 years, presenting what McGuirk et al. (1998: 107) have described as: ‘one of the greatest opportunities for urban renewal and revitalization in Australia.’ The Newcastle and Hunter region has had a traditional reliance on heavy industry: ‘Coal, steel, textiles and shipbuilding have been its industrial backbone and have had a profound impact on the economy, landscape and external perception of the region’ (McGuirk et al., 1998: 112). By the late 1980s, however, the city faced severe crisis as its industrial base started to undergo massive contraction. This change, partly caused by the integration of Australia into the global economy, left the locality struggling to respond to the local and regional impacts of global economic change. The economic crisis in Newcastle was...
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