Table of Contents

The International Handbook of Environmental Sociology, Second Edition

The International Handbook of Environmental Sociology, Second Edition

Elgar original reference

Edited by Michael R. Redclift and Graham Woodgate

This thoroughly revised Handbook provides an assessment of the scope and content of environmental sociology, and sets out the intellectual and practical challenges posed by the urgent need for policy and action to address accelerating environmental change.

Chapter 3: From Environment Sociology to Global Ecosociology: The Dunlap–Buttel Debates

Jean-Guy Vaillancourt

Subjects: environment, environmental geography, environmental politics and policy, environmental sociology, politics and public policy, environmental politics and policy, social policy and sociology, sociology and sociological theory

Extract

3 From environmental sociology to global ecosociology: the Dunlap–Buttel debates Jean-Guy Vaillancourt Introduction Today, many European and North American environmental sociologists recognize the central role played by Fred Buttel, who died in January 2005, and by Riley Dunlap in the emergence of environmental sociology (Redclift and Woodgate, 1997; Yearly, 1991; Murphy, 1994; Hannigan, 1995). The ideas of those two major pioneers of US environmental sociology follow parallel and eventually converging trajectories. In fact, they both contributed to the transition from human ecology to environmental sociology, and then to an emerging global ecosociology. Their ideas evolved in seminal publications and through lively debates over many years. This chapter is based on the extended time span covered by their respective works. Human ecology and social ecology: the HEP–NEP debate revisited At first, like the Chicago human ecologists who inspired him, Dunlap (with William Catton) tried to show that modern societies depend on their natural environments. They were among the first sociologists to write that sociology overestimates the independence of human beings from their material environment. For them, mainstream sociology did not put enough emphasis on environmental factors, even though the earlier neo-Malthusian debate concerning the scarcity of resources showed that the natural environment influences social life. Dunlap explained why sociologists had lacked interest in the impact of biophysical factors on society. Sociology emerged when the dominant sociological paradigms upheld unrealistic ideas concerning the power of human beings over nature (Dunlap and Van Liere, 1978: 1–2; 1984). According to Dunlap,...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information