The Capitalization of Knowledge

The Capitalization of Knowledge

A Triple Helix of University–Industry–Government

Edited by Riccardo Viale and Henry Etzkowitz

This ground-breaking new volume evaluates the capacity of the triple helix model to represent the recent evolution of local and national systems of innovation. It analyses both the success of the triple helix as a descriptive and empirical model within internationally competitive technology regions as well as its potential as a prescriptive hypothesis for regional or national systems that wish to expand their innovation processes and industrial development. In addition, it examines the legal, economic, administrative, political and cognitive dimensions employed to configure and study, in practical terms, the series of phenomena contained in the triple helix category.

Chapter 8: Multi-level Perspectives: A Comparative Analysis of National R & D Policies

Caroline Lanciano-Morandat and Eric Verdier

Subjects: business and management, entrepreneurship, knowledge management, economics and finance, economics of innovation, innovation and technology, economics of innovation, knowledge management


8. Multi-level perspectives: a comparative analysis of national R&D policies Caroline Lanciano-Morandat and Eric Verdier In the era of globalization, the quality of science–industry relations is presented as a key source of industrial innovation and, more generally, of economic competitiveness. The supranational orientations of the European Union and the recommendations of the OECD converge to promote a ‘knowledge society’. These political references recycle the results of research in economics and in the sociology of innovation, and together inspire European states’ public R&D and innovation (RDI) policies. Yet these convergences between political action, international expertise and the social sciences do not mean that there is necessarily a ‘one best way’ of articulating science and industry. Shifts in public intervention have to compromise with institutions inherited from the past,1 and with the practices of firms and other private sector actors. This chapter develops an approach that integrates these different levels of analysis. The aim is to explain the specific national characteristics of policy-making in a context in which the references of that action tend to be standardized. In this respect, there is some convergence with the analysis in terms of ‘Varieties of Capitalism’ (Hall and Soskice, 2001), although our approach differs as regards the national coherence highlighted by the latter in a deterministic perspective: ‘In any national economy, firms will gravitate towards the mode of coordination for which there is institutional support’ (Hall and Soskice, 2001, p. 9). Our approach consists in explicitly taking into account the arrangements,...

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