Chapter 5: ‘Boys will be Boys’: Human Trafficking and UN Peacekeeping in Bosnia and Kosovo
Olivera Simic ´ We drove out of the barracks as usual in our military jeep … with a driver’s pass so that no one could become suspicious of us…we drove around and waited until 11 pm, and then drove to the brothel as fast as we could. We called the brothel’s owner that we are coming … the owner opened the gate so we could drive straight into the garage.1 INTRODUCTION The end of the Cold War and the 1990s saw a dramatic increase in United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operations.2 Peacekeeping operations became more ambitious, larger in scale and scope, and more complex to carry out. Consequently, more people have been deployed in peacekeeping operations, and the interactions with local populations respectively increased (UN DPKO 2000: 14). While peacekeeping operations prior to the 1990s were largely military and conducted within a certain political environment, post-Cold War multidimensional operations involve more direct interactions with the local population as a result of its peacebuilding activities. Known also as ‘the second generation’,3 multidimensional peacekeeping operations include social, humanitarian, political and economic components that require relief workers and civilian experts to work alongside soldiers (UN DPKO 2003: 42). Thus, soldiers serving within peacekeeping operations are joined by an increasing number of civilians who are deployed on the mission by the UN or other international or regional agencies.4 The increase in peacekeeping operations was, however, accompanied by the first reports expressing concerns about sexual activities between UN peacekeeping personnel5 and local women and girls, which appeared...
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