Chapter 1: On the European Innovation Policy: Key Issues for Policy-Making
Maria João Rodrigues The aim of the Lisbon Agenda is to prepare Europe for globalization. The knowledge ‘triangle’, which connects research, innovation and education, is at the heart of this agenda. Its goal is to generate new competitive advantages, which are crucial to sustain the European social model. Innovation gives added value to knowledge, leads to the creation of new products and services, and should become the main engine for smarter growth with more and better jobs. In recent times, innovation policy has undergone important changes, but new momentum is necessary to strengthen it as an engine of growth. 1.1 PREPARING EUROPE FOR GLOBALIZATION The Community Lisbon Programme is now under way, together with the national reform programmes (NRP), developing the following instruments to prepare Europe for globalization (see Table 1.1): as regards European Union external action, it focuses on developing trade policy, cooperation policy, the external representation of the eurozone and the external dimension of Community policies such as research, transport and environment. As regards the single market, it is promoting the opening of markets in energy and services, the integration of ﬁnancial services, the construction of trans-European networks and national enforcement of the relevant directives. Where competition policy is concerned, it is enforcing competition rules and reducing and redirecting state aid; as regards research policy, it is supporting the European Research Council (ERC), networks of excellence, infrastructures, human resources and opening up the national programmes; as for innovation policy, it is supporting innovative companies with technical and...
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