Chapter 4: The Lisbon Strategy and Social Europe: Two Closely Linked Destinies
Janine Goetschy In reply to Rodrigues’s key issues raised in Chapter 3, this chapter examines the extent to which the Lisbon Strategy has transformed the content and functioning of ‘social Europe’. This calls for a ‘contingent’ and ‘dynamic’ analysis of the Lisbon Strategy: in 2000, the Lisbon Strategy was a ‘contingent’ answer to a speciﬁc European Union (EU) political, social and economic situation, but over the following eight years, the initial project has, on the basis of various EU-level assessments, transformed itself as a result of the increasing pressure of globalization and changing EU and Member State priorities (be it the preferences of the various EU presidencies, of the Commission or of the 27 Member States). The chapter is also a plea for the idea that the Lisbon Strategy and social Europe are two closely linked destinies for political and economic reasons. 4.1 A SOCIAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE GENESIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE LISBON STRATEGY European Social Policy: Historical Evolution and Situation in 2000 In this section, I examine the genesis of the Lisbon Strategy, and the state of EU social policies in 2000, asking how a speciﬁc constellation of EU economic, social and education challenges produced a ‘historical’ strategy. In 2000, after the establishment of the common market, the internal market, and the advent of economic and monetary union, the EU faced a new milestone: as an ever-evolving political project built progressively and on a piecemeal basis, it needed to gain renewed impetus by launching a new...
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