Chapter 13: On the External Dimension of the Lisbon Agenda: Key Issues for Policy-Making
Maria João Rodrigues 13.1 KNOWLEDGE SOCIETIES IN A GLOBALIZED WORLD: KEY ISSUES FOR INTERNATIONAL CONVERGENCE Knowledge Economies in the World: Race to the Bottom or the Top? The aim of the Lisbon Agenda is to forge a European path to a knowledge society. Knowledge has become the main wealth of nations, companies and peoples, but it can also become a key factor of social divisions. Thus, investing in research, innovation and education, and developing a knowledgeintensive economy society are now the key means to develop competitiveness and prosperity. Many other countries are making this choice. Not only the US and Japan, the ﬁrst to work towards this goal, but also India, China, South Korea, Brazil and many others. There is now a clear international trend in this direction, as some examples from 2007 illustrate: Japan is preparing a very comprehensive Plan for Innovation focusing on citizens’ needs; India has created a Knowledge Commission which is elaborating a broader development agenda for India; China has adopted a new Five-Year Plan introducing new concepts such as the role of knowledge and innovation, and including a new concern with social inclusion and the environment within the framework of the Chinese concept of a harmonious society, equivalent to the updated concept of sustainable development; after an ambitious foresight exercise called ‘Brazil 3 Times’, Brazil has adopted an ambitious agenda for development, emphasizing the role of knowledge, social inclusion and concern with the environment; and the USA is launching a new initiative to keep...
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