Chapter 16: The Lisbon Strategy as a Global EU Strategy
Mario Telò 16.1 EXTERNAL DIMENSION OF THE LISBON STRATEGY: IMPLICATIONS, INFLUENCE AND POWER There is a consensus among the authors of this volume that the Lisbon Strategy should be a European Union (EU) strategy to confront a partially globalized world, rather than an inward-looking strategy. So we must examine the external implications of the Lisbon Strategy, how its implementation can promote a global role for the EU, and how it can provide a vision to address the globalized world of the twenty-ﬁrst century. There are three deﬁnitions of Europe as a global actor that are useful for our discussion of the Lisbon Strategy. One is the idea that Europe is the ‘world’s Scandinavia’ (Therborn, 2007). This suggests that European states can be an example to others of a sophisticated balance between social cohesion and economic competitiveness while building a knowledge society (see Chapter 14). Europe can take advantage of its internal diversity to deal with globalization more eﬀectively (Schmidt, 2006). This view is about European inﬂuence, not power. A second view has been suggested by Susan Strange who says we should pay attention to how ‘structural power’ is changing, because knowledge accumulation and economic and trade matter increasingly for the ‘wealth of nations’, while power relations between states and macro-regions, and military power matter concomitantly less. This has obvious implications for the foreign dimension of the Lisbon Strategy.1 A third view is that of Europe as a ‘civilian power’. This one encompasses the latter but conveys...
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