Chapter 22: Improving Governance of the Lisbon Agenda: Conclusions of the Debate
Maria João Rodrigues The development and the implementation of the Lisbon Agenda have been inﬂuenced signiﬁcantly by the governance of the process itself. The absence of coherence between policies, of consistency between the European and national levels, or simply a lack of implementation are signs that there are governance problems that need to be addressed. This chapter examines how governance can be improved, particularly to promote a comprehensive strategy for a knowledge economy with sustainable development; what approach to adopt to improve the role of public administration; and how to take full advantage of the potential of the Lisbon Treaty to improve governance. 22.1 IMPROVING GOVERNANCE Governance can be improved, ﬁrst of all, with the creation of a general framework to promote a knowledge economy with sustainable development, combining current strategies for growth and jobs with sustainable development and social policies. The European Council, the European Commission and the General Aﬀairs Council should act as guardians of policy coherence. A ﬁrst step in this direction is the synchronization of calendars and reporting procedures, with a particular role for the spring meeting of the European Council. The toolbox for each policy should address the diversity of the mechanisms for coordination of national policies, ranging from those that aim to ensure a common discipline and those that focus more on fostering mutual learning about reforms. An appropriate mix should be deﬁned for each policy. The implementation of the guidelines at the national level calls for a focus...
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