Chapter 3: Two Case Studies
3.1 A CLASSIFICATION OF UNIVERSITIES At this point, we would like to introduce a classiﬁcation of universities by plotting quality in research and education against progress towards the third generation university (3GU) model (Figure 3.1). Types 1, 2 and 3 are basically ﬁrst, second and third generation universities while Types 4 and 5 are excellent versions of second and third generation universities. Type 1 universities are mainly or only teaching institutes. The research activities of these universities are limited in size and scope or they are not present at all. Quite a few of such universities teach on the level of higher professional education. They may form the majority of the world’s 30 000 institutes for higher education. If a Type 1 university wants to develop itself, the ﬁrst thing it has to do is to create a thorough research base. Without it, it cannot develop a know-how carousel and hence it cannot develop into a 3GU. Type 2 universities have a solid scientiﬁc base, having some outstanding scientists amongst their staﬀ. Education is linked to the research eﬀorts. Type 2 universities are ‘true’ universities, not higher professional schools that are only universities in name. When these universities collaborate actively with industry and other partners in the commercialisation of know-how and when they have extensive educational and operational facilities for technostarters, they become Type 3 universities. Alternatively, they can strengthen their research base and become a Type 4 university. The transfer to a world-class university however is...
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