Appendix 2: Educating technostarters
A2.1 THE FUNNEL MODEL AND SYNCHRONISED EDUCATION In the historical overview of Chapter 1, we saw that the medieval or ﬁrst generation university aimed to create critical professionals (theologians, physicians, lawyers); it was not designed to create investigative scientists. This task was added in the Humboldt or second generation university, while education for professionals was maintained. The third generation university (3GU) adds entrepreneurs to the list of students to be educated (Table A2.1). The education of professionals, scientists and entrepreneurs can take place in undergraduate courses, graduate courses and post-experience courses or seminars. Table A2.1 Education tasks of the three generations of universities This type of university: 1st generation university 2nd generation university 3rd generation university professionals professionals professionals Educates: scientists scientists entrepreneurs This appendix will discuss the funnel model for an educational programme in entrepreneurship, which is comprised of a number of stages in which the entrepreneurial intent increases after each stage, while the number of participating students decreases as students who are no longer interested in the subject drop out.202 (Figure A2.1). This cascade model has the following stages: 1. In the ﬁrst stage, the interest of the student is awakened by an awareness programme or a mandatory course203 such as ‘Introduction to Entrepreneurship’. After such a course, the student may go to the next stage or call it the end of the road as far as entrepreneurship is concerned. Students whose interest has been raised can follow an elementary elective, say a course such as ‘Turning Technology...
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