Legal and Policy Challenges for the World Economy
New Horizons in Environmental and Energy Law series
Edited by Benjamin J. Richardson, Yves Le Bouthillier, Heather McLeod-Kilmurray and Stepan Wood
Chapter 1: Introduction: Climate Law and Developing Countries
Benjamin J. Richardson, Yves Le Bouthillier, Heather McLeod-Kilmurray and Stepan Wood* 1. INTRODUCTION While all regions will eventually feel the effects of climate change, it will have a disproportionately harmful effect on developing countries – and in particular poor communities who are already living at or close to the margins of survival. Changes in the climate will amplify the existing challenges posed by tropical geography, a heavy dependence on agriculture, rapid population growth, and a limited capacity to cope with an uncertain climate. The world is already likely to fall short of the Millennium Development Goals for 2015 in many regions of the world. Climate change threatens the long-term sustainability of development progress. . . . The challenge now is to limit the damage, both by mitigation and adaptation. (Stern, 2007, pp. 92–93) Climate change is one of the most pressing challenges of our time. It is a global problem, but experienced very differently in the so-called developed and developing worlds. While the academic literature on climate change and law is vast, it contains a significant gap. Little attention has been devoted to current and future issues concerning climate law in developing countries. Furthermore, there is very little published work on this topic by developing country legal scholars. This book begins to fill that gap. The chapters were originally presented at an international conference on Climate Law in Developing Countries Post-2012, co-sponsored by the IUCN Academy of Environmental Law, the University of Ottawa Faculty of Law and Osgoode Hall Law School, and held...